Host city of Congress - Krusevac

City of Krusevac

The town of Kruševac covers an area of 854 km², has 101 settlements with over 145,000 inhabitants. The town of Kruševac, as an urban area, has about 65,000 inhabitants and is the center of the Rasinski district. Krusevac is located in the Krusevac basin, which includes the composite valley of the Western Morava and it extends between Levč and Temnić in the north, Župa, Kopaonik and Jastrebac in the south and the Kraljevačka valley and the Ibar valley in the west.

As a city of rich tradition and with centuries-old history, once a medieval Serbian capital, Krusevac today represents a modern city, economic, administrative, cultural, health, education, information and sports center of importance for the Rasinski district and the Republic of Serbia.

Sights of Krusevac

Monument to Prince Lazarus

 The monument to the founder of Kruševac, Prince Lazar, is located in the eastern part of the archaeological park "Lazarev grad". Discovered on June 27, 1971, on the occasion of the celebration of the Six Centuries of Kruševac. The Nebojša Mitrić, sculptor from Belgrade, for the play of the figure Lazar, was inspired by the usual position of Serbian medieval rulers on his coins: sitting with the sword on the wings. The image of Prince Lazar was done according to the ktitor fresco in the monastery Ravanica. The architectural features of Prince Lazar are depicted in the contours of the medieval city on the left shoulder of the figure, as well as the outlines of Lazarica under the right-hand arm that can be easily seen. Ornaments on the dress were taken from Lazare's dress, whose copy is kept at the National Museum of Krusevac.

Archaeological Geological Park - Lazarev grad

 

 

Prince Lazar, was elevated to his throne in 1371, when he, as the most powerful regional lord, strengthens the power in the entire conquered territory. As a city, Kruševac was first mentioned in the beginning of 1387, in the charter with which Prince Lazar confirms earlier commercial privileges to the Dubrovnik people (”U slavnom gradu gospodstva mi Kruševcu...”).

Significant knowledge about the appearance of the medieval Krusevac and a more complete picture of the life that took place in it was the extensive archaeological research of the complex, carried out from 1961 to 1971. In the previous period, medieval buildings were famous Lazarica church, remains of the main tower with part of the ramparts towards the north and insignificant traces of walls within the complex itself. The establishment of something elongated in the southwest-north-east direction (dimension 300 x 200 m, per axis), includes a natural lath with a maximum angle of 161.33 m. Built according to the model and experience of the Byzantine and Serbian defense architecture of the previous period, the complex is most probably built in two phases: the "small town" (main tower, ramp, trench and one small tower) and palace with accompanying facilities in the southwestern part, earlier in comparison to other profane buildings, the fortresses of the "big city" and the church Lazarica. In addition to the remains of several towers in the fortresses of the fortress, among the numerous buildings of the "great city" are the character and the size of the adherent church, palace and stables.

 

The main town tower ("Donzon"), today preserved at a height of about 18 m (the building was over 20 m high), was built with pebbles and broken stone, with tesanic sandstone as reinforcements in corners. Based on the visible bearings of intercity structures on the eastern side where the main entrance was located, it can be concluded that, beside the ground floor, it had four floors. Approximately the outer form of the main towers and the ramparts leading from it towards the north and east, follows a drywall of dry depth of 4.5 m and a maximum width of 9 m, untreated bottom, with sides reinforced retaining walls.

 

The building had a defensive role, especially as the last resistance to an enemy that has already penetrated the city walls.

 

As one of the few city centers and an important political, economic and economic center of Moravian Serbia, Krusevac has provided a valuable contribution to the development of culture and art of this time.

 

Exceptional achievements in the field of church construction and monumental painting make this epoch the most original in the entire Serbian medieval art, representing at the same time, especially with a kind of architectural momentum, and the only vital creative branch of the Byzantine architecture of the late Middle Ages.

 

 

Memorial Park Slobodiste

 

The memorial complex "Slobodiste" extends to the southern periphery of the city, in addition to the educational-correctional home that once was a German camp, in the place where the occupier shot during the Second World War, hundreds of patriots from Krusevac and the surrounding area.

According to architectural solutions and philosophical message, Slobodiste is an exceptional monument complex in our country, dedicated to freedom and revolution.

The central monumental part belongs to the concept that, according to the idea of Dobrica Cosic, was realized by Bogdan Bogdanovic  in the period from 1960 to 1965.

 

A memorial to peace

This kind of monument to the idea of peace was set up in Krusevac on the Gazimestanski Square in 1997. The monument, to a certain extent, represents the crown of peacekeeping actions carried out by peace clubs in Krusevac, initiated at the initiative of Professor Pavle Bubanje. Thanks to these activities, Krusevac was accepted as a member of a group of over 80 world cities "The Peace Day". In recognition of the results in this field, Krusevac received two awards: the Peace Medal in 1986 and Medal of the Peace Peace in 1990.